Lexington Ct

From WikiEnglewood.org
Jump to: navigation, search

Lexington Ct is pretty clearly named for the battle of Lexington.


The Battles of Lexington and Concord were the first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War.[1] They were fought on April 19, 1775, in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, Province of Massachusetts Bay , within the towns of Lexington, Massachusetts , Concord, Massachusetts , Lincoln, Massachusetts, Arlington, Massachusetts, and Cambridge, Massachusetts, near Boston . The battles marked the outbreak of open armed conflict between the Kingdom of Great Britain and Thirteen Colonies on the mainland of British America .

In late 1774 the Suffolk Resolves were adopted to resist the enforcement of the Massachusetts Government Act made to the Massachusetts colonial government by the British parliament following the Boston Tea Party . An illegal Patriot shadow government known as the Massachusetts Provincial Congress was subsequently formed and called for local militias to begin training for possible hostilities. The rebel government exercised effective control of the colony outside of British-controlled Boston. In response, the British government in February 1775 declared Massachusetts to be in a state of rebellion. About 700 British Army during the American War of Independence in Boston, under Lieutenant Colonel Francis Smith (British officer), were given secret orders to capture and destroy rebel military supplies that were reportedly stored by the Massachusetts militia at Concord. Through effective Military espionage gathering, Patriot (American Revolution) colonials had received word weeks before the expedition that their supplies might be at risk and had moved most of them to other locations. They also received details about British plans on the night before the battle and were able to "Midnight Ride" the area militias of the British expedition. The first shots were fired just as the sun was rising at Lexington. The militia were outnumbered and fell back, and the regulars proceeded on to Concord, where they searched for the supplies. At the Old North Bridge, Concord, Massachusetts in Concord, approximately 500 militiamen engaged three companies of the King's troops at about an hour before Noon, resulting in casualties on both sides. The outnumbered regulars fell back from the bridge and rejoined the main body of British forces in Concord. Having completed their search for military supplies, the British forces began their return march to Boston. More militiamen continued to arrive from neighboring towns, and not long after, gunfire erupted again between the two sides and continued throughout the day as the regulars marched back towards Boston. Upon returning to Lexington, Lt. Col. Smith's expedition was rescued by reinforcements under Brigadier General Hugh Percy, 2nd Duke of Northumberland. The combined force, now of about 1,700 men, marched back to Boston under heavy fire in a withdrawal (military) and eventually reached the safety of Charlestown, Massachusetts. The accumulated militias blockaded the narrow land accesses to Charlestown and Boston, starting the Siege of Boston .


  1. French , pp. 2, 272-273. A controversial interpretation holds that the Battle of Point Pleasant on October 10, 1774, in what is now West Virginia, was the initial military engagement of the Revolutionary War. Despite a 1908 United States Senate resolution designating it as such, few historians (even in West Virginia) subscribe to this interpretation. [1]